what the hemp is cbd?
CBD is the abbreviation for cannabid-iol.
It is also referred to as an active phytocannabinoid, CBD-rich hemp oil, hemp-derived CBD oil, CBD-rich cannabis oil, or full-spectrum hemp extract.
CBD is a chemical compound that grows naturally in both hemp and cannabis plants.
Cannabid-iol is one of over 100 cannabinoids found in cannabis and hemp plants.
CBD molecules are extracted from flowers, leaves, and stalks to make oil.
Hemp is a strain of the cannabis plant, it produces very little THC which means it will not make you feel high. By definition industrial hemp contains less than 0.3 mg of THC.
CBD-derived from hemp products are the ones you see popping up in more and more retail stores and online while CBD from the cannabis sativa plant is found in dispensaries.
Tinctures, gummies, lotions top the list of ways CBD oil can be delivered into the body. As a daily practice, CBD may promote homeostasis and wellness by supporting your body’s endocannabinoid system.
HEMP, THE NEW KALE
The hemp plant is naturally rich in CBD with very low levels of THC, less than 0.3% and offers many of the medicinal benefits of cannabis (or pot) without the high.
There is nothing new about hemp. One of the strongest, most durable natural fibers harvested it has been used for decades in the US to make clothing, plastics, textiles, rope, paper, and even beer. You will see hemp woven into favorite brands like Vince, Eileen Fisher, and Patagonia.
Hemp oil and cannabidiol (CBD) oil are not the same. The production of CBD oil uses the stalks, leaves, and flowers of the hemp plant. Hemp seed oil comes from the small seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. The seeds do not contain the same levels of compounds as the plant itself, but they still have a rich profile of nutrients including Omega-3 and Omega-6, fatty acids, and useful bioactive compounds.
Hemp plants are a good source of sustainable energy and easy to grow in various climates without chemicals or pesticides.
They act as hyperaccumulators meaning they easily absorb contaminants from the soil while they grow. Hemp plants are literally used to clean the environment of toxic heavy metals and organic pollutants. So powerful, hemp was planted at Chernobyl.
CBD derived from hemp may also be referred to as a phytocannabinoid.
Phyto is a Greek word meaning ‘from a plant’.
A cannabinoid is a chemical compound that acts on cannabinoid receptors.
Phytocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the cannabis plant.
Other plants that produce phytocannabinoids
1. Black Pepper – major anti-inflammatory properties to ease ailments like osteoporosis and arthritis.
2. Rosemary, along with black pepper, both share a compound called BCP (beta-caryophyllene) that acts as a cannabinoid. It’s the same compound that gives the plants a peppery flavor. BCP also helps fight depression and anxiety, as well as ulcers when combined with THC and/or CBD.
3. Kava -Typically used somewhat as a sedative (i.e. in tea), Kava’s effects are similar to cannabis in that it contains a compound that binds to the same receptor as THC — primarily in areas of the brain related to cravings, which makes kava a desirable aid in treating addiction.
4. Maca contains compounds that emulate CBD by prohibiting an enzyme that breaks down endocannabinoids, which in turn increases the amount of them in your system causing a boost to your overall system, including mood.
5. Cacao -This fan-favorite superfood contains many therapeutic chemicals that boost mood. It’s also rich in anandamide, a naturally occurring endocannabinoid that regulates mood, memory, appetite, and pain perception. Its euphoric nature is like a lingering runner’s high. To unlock the magic of cacao, make sure you get it from raw, organic cacao, not processed (i.e. candy)
6. Black truffles- Just like cacao (and cannabis), black truffles contain the same anandamide properties that regulate mood and pain perception, among other things. Plus, truffles pre-date cannabis by about 50 million years (and taste better on pasta).
7. Echinacea, also known as coneflower, is usually mentioned in the same company as “colds,” but it’s capable of so much more. The plant contains bioactive compounds similar to THC that relieve anxiety, headaches, and arthritis by regulating the immune system.
8. Flax seeds have been found to produce compounds similar to CBD that act as antioxidants.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD is thought to be responsible for many of the medicinal benefits of the cannabis plant without the high of THC. Just like Nana’s hot chicken soup can make you feel better all over, CBD works as a whole body medicine. It works as a tonic and goes to the places your body needs balance.
The job of the endocannabinoid system is to maintain homeostasis and to keep our bodies functioning at their best by adapting to change.
Though not well understood the ECS is thought to play a role in regulating pain, sleep, mood, memory, appetite, and other cognitive and physical processes.
The endocannabinoid system is made up of many receptors. These receptors are located throughout the body, and can be found in the brain, and even throughout the nervous system and the immune system. There are 2 main receptors, CB1 and CB2. Together, they are responsible for regulating neuro-hormones in the body.
“The endogenous cannabinoid system—named for the plant that led to its discovery—is one of the most important physiologic systems involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. With its complex actions in our immune system, nervous system, and virtually all of the body’s organs, the endocannabinoids are literally a bridge between body and mind. By understanding this system, we begin to see a mechanism that could connect brain activity and states of physical health and disease.”
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov- high on the endocannabinoid system.
Illness, autoimmune disease, trauma to the body, chronic stress, foods we eat, and genetics contribute to an imbalance within a body system. A lack of endocannabinoid activity is thought to be present in many debilitating ailments such as fibromyalgia, migraine, multiple sclerosis, seizure disorders, chronic fatigue, IBS and more. The medical term for this condition was termed ‘clinical endocannabinoid deficiency syndrome’ (CEDS) by Ethan Russo, M.D. in 2003. Prolonged exposure to stress depletes endocannabinoid tone, and this, in turn, has an adverse impact on a plethora of physiological processes.
Learn more about The Endocannabinoid System: Hemp and Beyond in May 2018 Whole Food Magazine
Is there clinical data to support that it does work?
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